Page 177 - Faculty Handbook2

Basic HTML Version

Mental Health Concerns
177
the development of a panic disorder, or a general sensitivity
to to physical sensations. Individuals with panic disorder
may have had a history of a medical illness, physical and
sexual abuse or other sort of trauma. For some, the “Fear of
fear in and of itself may elicit a panic response.
What are the symptoms of panic disorder?
To be diagnosed as having panic disorder, a person must
experience at least four of the following symptoms during a
panic attack: sweating, hot or cold flashes, choking or
smothering sensations, racing heart, labored breathing,
trembling, chest pains, faintness, numbness, nausea,
disorientation and feelings of dying, losing control, or losing
one’s mind.
How is panic disorder treated?
Cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) is the treatment of
choice and can be performed in any outpatient setting or in
primary care settings. The goal of CBT is to help the person
learn strategies to recognize and monitor sensory
information through self-talk and relaxation techniques.
What are phobias?
Phobias are irrational, involuntary, and inappropriate fears of
(or responses to) ordinary situations or things. People who
have phobias can experience panic attacks when confronted
with the situation or object which is feared. A category of
symptoms called phobic disorder falls within the broader
field of anxiety disorders.