b'PTSD can be difficult to treat. The sooner it is recognized and treated, the more likely a person will experience relief The most effective treatments include components that have the person relive the trauma in his or her imagination, while using deep muscle relaxation and thinking about the event in different ways. Medications may also relieve anxiety and depression that often occur with PTSD. Resources: National Center for PTSD: ptsd.va.gov National Institute of Mental Health: nimh.nih.gov National Alliance on Mental Illness: nami.org The Virginia Wounded Warrior Program: wearevirginiaveterans.org TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (TBI) According to the Brain Injury Association of America, TBI occurs as a result of external forces such as falls, motor vehicle accidents and assaults. TBIs fall into two categories: Open head injuries are those in which the skull is crushed or seriously fractured. Open head injuries also occur when the skull is penetrated, as in a gunshot wound. Closed head injuries, in which the skull is not damaged, occur much more often and usually because of a car accident or fall. A concussion is also a form of brain injury.Signs and symptoms can appear just after an injury or can takes days or weeks to manifest. Concussions are caused by a bump, blowMental Health Concerns182'