b'BRAIN INJURY and STUDENT VETERANS Traumatic brain injury has been called the signature injury of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan.Such injuries have been caused in significant numbers from the use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs). These weapons cause shockwaves of extreme pressure that travel hundreds of yards out from the blast.Helmets and body armor cannot always sufficiently protect the body and brain. Therefore, soldiers can acquire a brain injury in the absence of other injury. . Troops are often exposed to such blasts multiple times, creating a cumulative effect. Among veterans of the Iraqi and Afghani conflicts:The number of serious TBIs identified is 5 times greater than the number of amputations.A study of individuals seen at Walter Reed Army Medical Center showed that 56% of TBIs were moderate or severe.Some of those walking away from IED blasts are now experiencing symptoms such as memory loss, short attention spans, headaches, confusion, anxiety, depression, and irritability.Veterans advocates believe that 150,000 to 300,000 (10% to 20%) of Iraqi veterans have sustained some level of TBI. The role of a faculty member is certainly not to diagnose a traumatic brain injury; however faculty can be very helpful inMental Health Concerns184'