b'shown to be effective in 60% of cases; however, up to 90% of individuals on medications relapse when the medications have been discontinued. Resources: The Boy Who Couldnt Stop Washing. Rapoport, Judith, M.D. 1991. Freedom from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Personalized Recovery Program for Living with Uncertainty. Grayson, Jonathan. 2003. Adapted from information from the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) SCHIZOPHRENIA Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that affects well over two million American adults, about 1 percent of the population age 18 and older. Although it is often feared and misunderstood, schizophrenia is a treatable condition. Schizophrenia often interferes with a persons ability to think clearly, distinguish reality from fantasy, manage emotions, make decisions and relate to others. The first signs of schizophrenia typically emerge in the teenage years or early 20s, often later for females. Most people with schizophrenia contend with the illness chronically or episodically throughout their lives and are often stigmatized by lack of public understanding Schizophrenia is not caused by bad parenting or personal weakness. A person with schizophrenia does not have a split personality, and almost all peopleMental Health Concerns188'