b'be quite disturbed by changes in familiar and expected routines, whether in or outside the classroom. While everyone is different, students with AS may exhibit deficits in one or more domains of language and communication and interpersonal behavior Common characteristics of individuals with AS are: Language/communication: very literaldoesnt understand metaphors, idioms, hyperbole doesnt get jokes, nuance, subtleties of languageuses odd phrases doesnt understand gestures, facial expressions, or voice tones/inflection difficulty modulating own voice (often loud) difficulty understanding instructions (but may appear to understand) talks about what s/he knows, usually facts Social interaction: difficulty making eye contact seems distant or detached finds it difficult to make friends, prefers to spend time alone difficulty initiating, maintaining and ending a conversation doesnt understand social norms, mores, cues or concept of personal spaceMental Health Concerns197'