b'The perpetrator is most likely to be someone known to the victim: a fellow student, someone with a romantic interest, an RA, a friend, etc. Ninety percent of sexual assault victims on campus are women violated by men. Men who are sexually assaulted are most often victimized by other men (but sometimes by women) who are partners, friends, or even as a result of hazing or other peer rituals or pranks. The student who is sexually assaulted requires some special consideration. This kind of trauma can affect students in many different ways, including difficulties with concentration and study, emotional flashbacks, feelings of powerlessness or lack of control, bouts of sadness, sleeplessness and nightmares and/or requiring time away from academics due to judicial or criminal action. It is not uncommon for victims to remain silent about sexual assault, often hoping that the emotional pain will just go away and hoping that if they dont tell anyone, it didnt happen. Most do not seek criminal or judicial action, fearing that they will be condemned for their behavior (such as drinking or dancing) or their judgments will be criticized. Too many victims testimonies are questioned or not believed, which contributes to the silence that victims endure. If a student discloses the assault to you, a sensitive response will help her or him heal more quickly. Students do not lie about being assaulted. So, if a student tells you about an incident, it shows s/he trusts you. Open- ended questions such as How can I help? or What do you need? willTraumatic Experiences216'