b'Who has been harmed by a crime? What are their needs? Who should be accountable for addressing those needs? What can be done to address the harm? RJ engages victims, offenders and other concerned parties in answering these questions and in making decisions about how to address the harm. RJ requires offender accountability and responsibility and promotes healing for victims and safety for the community.Restorative justice has been used in communities around the world for over thirty years. Research on the effectiveness of restorative justice versus traditional criminal justice shows that restorative justice reduces recidivism (the likelihood of an offender committing another crime). Poulsons 2003 review of seven empirical studies of restorative justice from around the world compared psychological outcomes for victims and offenders in restorative justice programs versus traditional criminal justice processes and found unanimous support for the positive outcomes of restorative justice.Poulsons review, . . . summarized data on twelve psychological outcomes from an international collection of seven studies comparing restorative justice programs and court procedures. The results, to be frank, were extraordinary. For victims, restorative justice outperformed court on every outcome except for consideration of opinion. For offenders, restorative justice outperformed court onTraumatic Experiences225'